Selous Game Reserve was established in 1922; in 2019 the Game Reserve was divided in the newly established Nyerere National Park in the northern region, and the Selous Game Reserve in the southern region.
The protected area has many diverse habitats, and the land is made up of a mixture of Miombo woodlands, rolling hills, savannahs, rocky outcrops, swamps, lakes and rivers. The majestic Rufiji River, the largest river in Tanzania, is the lifeblood of the region and along with a network of many tributaries, lakes, lagoons and channels, plays a vital role to the ecosystem.
The protected area is divided into two parts. The northern Nyerere National Park it is purely dedicated to photographic safaris.
The southern Selous is the area south of the Rufiji River and it is split up in to several hunting concessions which are leased out to professional trophy hunting companies.
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One of the largest protected areas on the African continent is located in Southwest Tanzania: Nyerere National Park and Selous Game Reserve combined cover an area larger than Switzerland and are home to a large variety of wildlife and different habitats.